The factors affecting education technology in Nigeria are quite enormous, considering the fact that the level of technological advancements is still finding it’s root. Some of the biggest barriers to the adoption of education technology in Nigeria include:
1. The Cost of Technology: Obviously, this is one of the major factors that has affected education technology in Nigeria. Adopting modern technologies is capital intensive, and presently, is as twice expensive compared to previous years. The current economic crises in terms of Naira to Dollar exchange rate is a major factor that will affect the cost.
It may appear that the government is keen to fuelling the process of education technology in Nigeria, but we are yet to see that happen, because this will take the large percentage of the Nigerian budget and I thought if the government would want to channel of her resources to fund technology.
Although, some schools that have managed to adopt education technology resorts to the policy of BYOD (Bring Your Own Device).
This concept might be encouraging, but there are several issues associated with it. For instance, not every student can afford to bring their devices. In some cases, there are difficulties in getting all the devices connected, because there is no guarantee that an instructor’s online materials will work on a student’s device.
Further, do not forget that technology is dynamic. Some of the earlier technologies get outdated, and that requires getting new technologies to replace the outdated ones.
In spite of these, the continual underfunding of schools at both federal and state levels still makes the situation worse.
2. Lack of training: Yes, technology is trendy but there is still inadequate manpower to get the ball rolling. Technology requires you to be constantly updated by learning new things. Mind you, instructors and teachers themselves are not digital natives.
They are the ones to transfer the knowledge and skills to students, therefore, the need for constant training remains sacrosanct. At the same, school administrators must ready to invest money into education technology trainings so as to keep their human resources viable.
In other words, even if teachers are having access to technologies, and they’re not receiving the proper training to harness these technologies, it becomes waste of time.
3. The Inability to Adopt New Technologies: There are series of factors that contribute to this problem. Some of the instructors and teachers feel reluctant to change, thereby resisting the adoption of new technologies.
Adopting new technology could require a special training, and obviously, when there is lack of support, time-crunched teachers become too wary of adopting new classroom technologies.
Importantly, developers are always designing software to beef up education technology, but school administrators are often not patronising these developers by adopting new technologies. It takes a very long time to see some of the school administrators sign off, the deals or contract to deploy technology.
4. Insufficient infrastructure: Majority of the schools lack the network infrastructure to drive internet access. Nigeria is yet to achieve the broadband plan, which the timeline is less than 12months.
Certainly, education technology in Nigeria and other parts of the world is dependent on the availability of the internet. Virtually, all the programs are internet driven and the lack of necessary infrastructure to drive the internet becomes a barrier.
5. BYOD Affects Low Income Students: Sadly, this can also be a barrier, because low-income students will be at disadvantage when it comes to adopting education technology in Nigeria. Most of them do not have devices, neither do they have access to the internet at home.
Even, if a particular school adopts the BYOD policy, the average student will be at great loss. For instance, if an instructor assigns the students a particular task that requires using their connected devices, the low income student could fall behind in terms of academic performance, due to not having the device. The concept of the BYOD is good but to the detriment of an average student.